The word “religion” comes from the Latin “religio” which means a state of obligation, reverence or adoration.1 In this sense we are all religious. In particular, Marxism, socialism and multi-racialism is hard core religion; it demands total faith, submission and obedience. Ultimately all that matters is the extent to which our religion (including Christianity and atheism) is biologically viable — for our race, species and the Nature upon which all our lives depend.
Solar Wheel or Odin’s Eye, perhaps the oldest symbol in N. Europe. Meaning: sun brings joy to Earth; unity; balance in all things; wisdom; spiritual ascension to God-consciousness (vertical line); low consciousness of earth-plane (horizontal line); All-Father Odin.2
The value of symbols and religion
Symbols are vital to the development of civilization.3 In particular, archetypal images (symbols) from our collective unconsciousness and their manifestation in ancient myths often:
- Stand for truth4
- Guide us in a realm beyond the reach of our five senses4
- Lead to higher knowledge2
- Result in scientific advancement4
- Motivate us, e.g. Christmas prompts putting up trees, giving gifts and cards; Valentine’s Day yields expressed interest in romantic union; and Odin inspires sacrifice to gain wisdom.5
As all reality is subjective (primacy of consciousness, discussed in the posts Aspects of Mind and God and Heaven) religious symbols and myths that manifest from our people’s collective unconscious are:
- Experiences of deep spiritual realities
- Favourable to life by Nature’s laws
- A coping resource to increase individual and group resilience6,7
Conversely, if the flow of spiritual Force via organic religious roots is corrupted, we can die as a nation, race and species. A viable religion cannot be contrived or forced onto people. The violent imposition of an alien Semitic religion (Christianity) onto Europeans, who in turn corrupted the successful religions of non-Europeans, has had disastrous consequences. Due mainly to human activity (but not human-caused global warming) we are in an accelerating mass extinction of species (the greatest global extinction of wildlife since the demise of non-avian dinosaurs 65 million years ago) and it is likely that humans will follow these creatures into oblivion. See these posts for discussions of the current mass extinction (a real catastrophe) and the global warming fraud.
Viable religion is race-specific
Personality (habitual ways of thinking, feeling and behaving), including its religious expressions at individual and group levels (nation, race, species), is genetically predisposed, i.e. organic religion is the result of evolutionary processes.
Specifically, it seems that our genome serves a ‘barcode’ function, with access to the collective unconscious (aka quantum vacuum, cosmic consciousness, Oneness, God, The Force, etc) being determined by our DNA structure (discussed in this post, Aspects of Mind). The effects of foreign DNA on a person’s consciousness support the barcode theory. In several publications8,9,10 it has been reported that following a heart transplant, sometimes the recipient experiences thoughts and feelings that are totally strange and new, and later it becomes obvious that they fit with the character and consciousness of the deceased donor. The DNA in the donor heart seems to give rise to fields of consciousness that are received by the organ recipient. Also, within this evolutionary process, the activities of individual organisms transform the collective unconscious,11 i.e. our Gods are evolving and a viable religion would evolve accordingly. In Jungian psychology these genetically predisposed ideas, images and patterns of thought are called archetypes.12
Osiris with an Atef-crown made of bronze. Image credit: Wikipedia.
Origin of European religions
European religions seem to be based on one story re-told since pre-Deluvian (Atlantean) times. This story was well-recorded in the ancient Egyptian religion. We can look at the Egyptian records to see the origin of European religions.13
Function and appearance
In ancient Egypt he was revered as a father-figure and god of life, fertility, agriculture, vegetation, the dead, resurrection, and the afterlife.14 He was green in colour, like the Green Man (Odin) of European pre-Christians, and he could be depicted with horns, like our Green Man.13 He symbolizes our oneness with the Earth, and as the Green Man, Odin became the god of the forest.15 Ireland has an especially deep connection to the colour green and green men.13
European names after Osiris
Among Celts the Green Man was also known as Cernunnos or Herne the Hunter, further known as the mighty hunter Nimrod and Odin. Also, add an H on the end of Osiris and we get OsIrish.13
Osiris was killed on the 17th day of the 3rd month of the ancient calendar and the Irish St. Patrick celebration is on 17 March.13
Eye and rainbow
Osiris is also connected to the eye (iris) and rainbows (Iris the Greek goddess of the rainbow). Odin sacrificed his eye to gain wisdom, a rainbow connects our world (Midgard) to the realm (Asgard) of gods, and Bifrost is a burning rainbow bridge between Midgard and Asgard.
Osiris was shown stretched on the immense cross formed by the junction of the meridian and the equator. He was suspended in the Phrygian mysteries to a cruciform tree which was cut up and distributed as a talisman, and which became the Lignum Vitae. This represents “salvation by wood” (Thomson, 1872).16
Osiris, Horus and Prometheus
“Osiris and Horus [one of the most significant ancient Egyptian deities, served many functions] were crucified as “saviours ” and “redeemers”; the sufferings, death, and resurrection of Osiris forming the great mystery of the Egyptian religion. Prometheus [a Titan god of fire], of Greece, was with chains nailed to the rocks on Mount Caucasus, “with arms extended,” as a saviour; and the tragedy of the crucifixion was acted in Athens 500 years before the Christian era” (Hardwicke, 1899).17
“I know that I hung, on a wind-rocked tree, nine whole nights, with a spear wounded, and to Odin offered, myself to myself; on that tree, of which no one knows from what root it springs” (Odin’s Rune-song, Hávamál).18
In addition to the above-mentioned crucifixion stories (cross, tree, wood, sacrifice, crucifixion, saviour, redeemer, death, resurrection) that pre-date the Jesus crucifixion tale, there is the story of Esus (Celtic: “Lord,” or “Master”).19 From Britannica:19
“Esus was a powerful Celtic deity, one of three mentioned by the Roman poet Lucan in the 1st century AD; the other two were Taranis (“Thunderer”) and Teutates (“God of the People”). Esus’ victims, according to later commentators, were sacrificed by being ritually stabbed and hung from trees. A relief from the Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris portrays him as a bent woodman cutting a branch from a willow tree.”
Esus became Jesus
To clarify, Esus was a killer carpenter (a wood cutter who stabbed and hanged people from trees). Although the New Testament is quiet about this aspect of J/esus’ character, Esus became Jesus for the purposes of Christianity. Both Esus and Jesus were carpenters, both were involved in human sacrifice on wood (Jesus was allegedly sacrificed on a wooden cross) and both were involved in stabbing (Jesus was supposedly stabbed while on the cross).
Unsurprisingly, scholarly research (discussion and references in this post, Killer religions) shows that Jesus never existed. The New Testament was written to promote Christianity, not to document historical fact. The City Of Nazareth did not even exist during the purported life of Jesus.20
The Celtic Cross
The solar saviour, crucified upon the cross of the seasons, is portrayed by the Celtic Cross, which often sits on an obelisk-like base.13
Paganism was the norm
All peoples of ancient times were pagan: the ancient Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Babylonians and Teutons (Germanic peoples — their modern representatives include the Germans, Dutch, Flemings, Danes, Swedes, Norwegians, Icelanders, Anglo-Saxons of England and lowland Scotland, and all their descendants in the New World), Celts and Slavs. The polytheistic Hindu and Shinto faiths of India and Japan respectively, are forms of paganism that survived into modern times, as are the animist religions of sub-Saharan Africa. In a sense paganism is the only universal form of religion known to man. Odinism is but one branch of the pagan family of religions.21
Further, polytheism (the belief in many gods and goddesses) is a common feature of ancient religions. These pagan or ‘natural’ religions are in contrast to the ‘prophetic’ or ‘revealed’ religions founded much later by individual teachers like Confucius, Buddha, Moses, Jesus and Mohammed.21
Valhalla / Heaven
Odin fragments in Christian society
Odin was transformed into St. Michael, the warrior-angel who led the hosts of Heaven.15
The pre-Christian festival for celebrating the coming of the sun (longer, warmer days and a new growing season) involved cutting down the Yule tree and burning the Yule log.15 The evergreen Yule tree (stripped of its meaning in the Christian “Christmas tree”) symbolized Yggdrasil and life.22 Among his many roles, Odin was a bringer of gifts, including sunshine and life. Druids honoured him by tying gilded apples to the Yule tree as a symbol of fire. As occurs at Christmas (but without the depth of meaning), in return, sacrificial harvest gifts were left in socks, boots, and clogs for Odin’s holy eight-legged steed Sleipnir (glider).15
Santa Claus (Saint Nicholas, Father Christmas)
This concept began with Odin. Until the early 1900s, Santa Claus was in the image of a fur-clad Odin / Herne with deer antlers sprouting from his head. From ancient times, horns on humans symbolized divinity and fertility. The current image of Santa Claus with his white fur-trimmed red velvet outfit was created by the Coca Cola company in the early 1900s.15
Santa Claus’ reindeer sleigh
“Sleigh” is from “Sleipnir,” the name of Odin’s eight-legged steed that could gallop at immense speed across the entire nine worlds. As Odin had to travel to the underworld at times, the eight legs of Sleipnir are also symbolized by the eight legs of funeral pallbearers carrying a coffin.15
Valhalla (one of Odin’s three great halls in Asgard — the realm of super-conscious awareness) was changed into a limited concept of Heaven in Christianity.15
This day of the week (Wotan’s day) was originally named in honour of Wotan / Odin.15
Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen
Odin appears in the first three of these music dramas by Richard Wagner: Das Rheingold (Entry of the Gods into Valhalla — listen here), Die Walkuere (The ride of the Valkyries — listen here) and Götterdämmerung (Siegfried’s Funeral March — listen here).
J. R. R. Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings
Tolkien acknowledged the influence of pagan mythology in this book14 and in particular the Norse god Odin seems to have played a key role in the development of Gandalf’s character. Ways in which Odin is represented by Gandalf include:
Odin has a legendary horse, Sleipnir (eight legs, can run on the ground and through the air at great speeds). Gandalf has Shadowfax (no equal among horses in Middle-earth).23
Spear / sword / staff
Odin has a legendary spear Gungnir (also carried as his staff when wandering the earth as an old man; the spear never misses its mark when thrown24); Gandalf has a legendary sword Glamdring and the stave he carries has magical properties.23,24
Sacrifice for wisdom
Odin hangs himself, with a spear in his side, on the tree Yggdrasil for nine days in order to gain wisdom and power. Gandalf sacrifices himself defeating the Balrog, and is given back his life with increased wisdom and power after this fight.23,25
Odin and Gandalf both take the form of an old, grey beggar with a wide-brimmed hat and grey cloak when they wander the mortal world and deal with the inhabitants.26 Gandalf the grey is a version of ‘the Odinic wanderer’.27
Diminished earthly forms of themselves
In his earthly guise, Odin accrues many names, e.g. Broad-hat, Long-beard, Grey-beard, Bearer of the (Magic) Wand, Way-weary, Wayfarer, and Wanderer. Similarly, “Gandalf” is the name of his diminished version of his Maia state, in which he is known as Olorin.23,27
Association with birds
Both use birds as sources of information and occasionally quick transport. Odin has Huginn and Muninn, two ravens that fly over the world to bring him news.24 Similarly, Gandalf is brought tidings from the eagle, Gwaihir Windlord.23 They are even similar in thought and deed, as both use their bird companions to gather news about earthly people whom they care for and protect.
The ‘end of times’ are described in Norse mythology as Ragnarok, a series of apocalyptic events that define the end of the world, where giants of frost and fire band together to fight against the gods in a final battle that destroys the planet, submerging it under water.28 Although Ragnarok is not exclusively about Odin, notable features include:
- Warnings to man. Betrayal, societal breakdown; devastating and unending winter for three years; global warfare.29
- Warnings to others. A rooster warns the giants, a second rooster warns the dead, a third rooster warns all the gods about the beginning of the end; a trumpet blast (the god Heimdal blows a thunder blast on the Gjallar-horn to awaken the nine worlds) brings selected dead people back to life.28,30
- Location. This final battle between good and evil occurs at Vigrid (equivalent to Armageddon, Revelation 16:16).28,29
- The battle. The seas are torn, the World Serpent (so large that it surrounds Earth and grasps its own tail) raises itself from the depths of the oceans to join the battle; dragons release fire that destroys all life on Earth;28 a giant wolf (Fenrir) swallows the sun and moon and causes stars to crash into Earth; mountains collapse into fragments, and the entire planet quakes in an immense bedlam of molten lava.29
- Regeneration. There will be a new Heaven and a new Earth, repopulated by a man (called Lifthrasir) and a woman (called Lif) who sheltered from the holocaust in Yggdrasil, the World Tree. The sons of the old gods remain alive, the god of purity and justice (Balder) is reincarnated, and together they create a new race of divinities, to rule a newly purified and rejuvenated universe.29,30
Odin in his guise as a wanderer, by Georg von Rosen (1886). Image credit: Wikipedia.
Odinism (Wotanism) is essentially a profound understanding of the laws of Nature and of our purpose in life. The Gods and other icons symbolize humankind’s struggle from egocentric limitations toward the highest evolutionary levels of super-conscious awareness.22 Odinism is the religion of our Forebears.31 It was the main religious belief over all northern Europe and part of the central regions as well as the British Isles,31 i.e. Odinism is the ancestral religion of many or most people living in what are now Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Russia, Austria, northern Italy and Spain.32
Odin (Wotan) is the central figure in this religion.31 The name Odin is etymologically connected with the Latin “vadere” and means movement, or source of movement, power, a manifestation of the highest god as ‘the mover of things’.31 He is the supreme god, god of Heaven, Heaven itself; the fountain-head of wisdom and founder of poetry, writing, and culture; lord of battle and giver of the highest blessings, especially of victory; later, of magic and sorcery. His is the creative power: out of Ash and Elm he made man and woman.33 Usually Odin is shown as a distinguished old man with a wide-brimmed, floppy hat concealing his face. From his throne (Hildskialf) he can see all of the nine worlds and witness the activities of man and god.34
“Pagan” and “heathen” were Christian insults
People who prayed to Odin called themselves Odinists (or Wotanists),35 as do Odinists today. However, Christians expressed their contempt for those (Odinists) who revere gods and all their creations by calling them pagans (pagani: villagers, equivalent to the modern insult, “peasants”) and later heathens (from Old English hæðen: not Christian or Jewish).14,31 The terms “heathen” and “pagan” are synonymous and interchangeable.21
Endurance and recovery of Odinism
Where I live (Isle of Man) in the British Isles, until the early 1900s, Odin still featured prominently in Manx culture, e.g. in 1903, for Fair-days here, people still made cakes of ginger-bread moulded into the figures of Odin, his wife Frigga, their son Thor, Odin’s horse Sleipnir and a rooster (likely Goldcomb, who crows in Valhalla).33 Odinism and our true culture never completely died out here, and as is occurring in other Celtic nations, it’s now making a strong recovery.
More generally, although Odinism was almost exterminated in the fifteenth century,36 it was kept alive and passed on by actual practitioners.22 Indeed, according to Odinic Rite Australia,32 in Australian (and British and US) law, Odinism is described as “the continuation of … the organic spiritual beliefs and religion of the indigenous peoples of northern Europe as embodied in the Edda ….” [my emphasis]
As is evident from the many Odinist organizations around the world (see Resources below), the strong recovery of Odinism is widespread. It’s also interesting to consider the substantial history of some Odinist groups, e.g. The Odin Brotherhood36 claims an unbroken historical lineage from 1421.
How intelligent Odinists view the myths
The myths were not intended to be read as a history of actual events. Odinists believe in the spiritual truths expressed in myth, not the story as such.21 Similarly, although the gods and goddesses are depicted as human-like, intelligent Odinists knew the Aesir are gods, divine spirits, not humans. Our Forefathers depicted the gods as human-like because our human minds find it easier to grasp spiritual truths when they are expressed in familiar terms. Every detail of the gods’ physical attributes and behaviour recorded in the myths indicates an underlying spiritual truth.21
Other names for Odin
Apart from his German name, Wotan (Wuotan in the High German form), Odin is also called Woden.31 Among Celts, Odin was also known as Cernunnos, Herne the Hunter, the mighty hunter Nimrod, and the Green Man. In Isle of Man, Odin’s names included Grim (on account of his broad-brimmed hat or a hood), a name that occurs in two of our runic inscriptions; Gautr (Father); Ygg (Awe); Lord of the Gallows (all who died by hanging were dedicated to Odin); Hnikar (a water-god — commemorated in the Nickey fishing boat rig and the ancient place-name “Nikkeson,” a pool on the Glen Roy river). As in other places, on this Island the term “Old Nick” refers to Odin.33
Among old Germans, Odin / Wotan was known as All-Father, Lord of Hosts, Lord of the Spear, Smiter, All-Knowing, Fulfiller of Wishes, Farspoken, Shaker, Burner, Destroyer, Protector, and Gelding.15
Yggdrasil, illustrated by John Howe.
In Odinism there isn’t a simplistic dichotomy of ‘Heaven and Earth’. Odinist mythology explains that, just as there are many gods, there are also many ‘worlds’, i.e. many planes of existence, or dimensions of reality, interconnected, overlapping and inextricably enmeshed with one another. The myths describe these different aspects of consciousness as the Nine Worlds.21 This integrated, dynamic and evolving psycho-spiritual model represents the complexity of our being in ways that are uniquely suited to the European psyche.
This is a short version of a detailed explanation given by experienced Odinist, Jost Turner (1994):22
All existence is allegorically placed in nine worlds, protected and sustained by a great tree called Yggdrasil. Yggdrasil is key to a complete understanding of all the allegories.
At the very top of Yggdrasil sits an eagle (intuitive faculties of the super-conscious) with a hawk (all-seeing eye of intuition) perched between its eyes.
A squirrel (Ratatosk; life energy travelling up and down the spine) runs up and down Yggdrasil’s trunk carrying insults between a serpent (Nidhogg) gnawing at the root and the eagle at the top (conflict between demands of the senses and aspirations to higher awareness).
The Nine Worlds
Yggdrasil is the axis of nine worlds. These worlds are on three levels, symbolizing three basic levels of consciousness.
The three levels of consciousness
- The worlds of (i) Asgard (for our principal gods, the twelve Aesir), (ii) Vanaheim (for the Vanir, another and perhaps older family of gods), and (iii) Alfheim (for the Light Elves, a god-like race of elves). Within Asgard is a realm (Valhalla) of joyous life after death for those who were self-disciplined and overcame subconscious barriers to reach early stages of super-conscious awareness.
- The worlds of (i) Midgard (for mortals), (ii) Nidavellir (for the dwarfs), (iii) Svartalfheim (for the dark elves), and (iv) Jotunheim (for the giants).
- The worlds of (i) Niflheim (a dark and cold realm for the dead), and (ii) Muspellheim (world of fire).
The first level is linked to the second level by a flaming rainbow bridge of shimmering light (Bifrost).
Roots into the levels of consciousness
Yggdrasil has three great roots. Each root is sunk into one of the three levels of consciousness:
- Under this root is the Well of Urd, by which sit three goddesses of destiny.
- Under this root is the Well of Mimir, which is a great source of wisdom.
- Under this root is the Spring of Hvergelmir, the source of many rivers, and where Nidhogg (the above-mentioned serpent) and other serpents tear apart corpses and gnaw at the root.
Druid with an oak tree.
Like aware people today, Odinists experienced the natural world as a living thing, toward which the natural attitude is respect and reverence.31 In Odinism, Nature is Divine, man is part of Nature, and there is a natural communion between man and Nature.31 Odinists saw all creatures as expressions of God and all human races as playing valuable roles within a Divine process.37,38
Odinists continue to acknowledge Nature as a true manifestation of the spiritual. They see consciousness as an intrinsic property of creation, from the level of atoms through to creatures with complex nervous systems like ours. This does not mean that simpler systems have human-like thoughts or feelings, only that everything in the universe has the capacity for consciousness in some form, however faint. This ancient knowledge is consistent with what modern scientists know as the primacy of consciousness. Odinists see all animals, plants, mountains, rocks, seas, rivers, islands, Earth and the cosmos as a whole, as spiritually endowed and alive to some degree.21
Concerning rocks in particular, in many lands shapeless stones have been adored. Among several ancient nations the idea of Divinity was symbolized by a rough stone. Circles of upright stones have been found in Japan, China, India, the Pacific Isles, Persia, Arabia, Palestine, Barbary, North and South America and in every country of Europe, including the British Isles.39
The name “Druid” comes from the Indo-European word ‘dru’, meaning oak.40 Druids were priests of the Celts. They saw all life as sacred and worthy of protection. Druids venerated the earth and plants, especially trees. The oak symbolized tradition, wisdom, longevity 41 and the omnipotent God.40 Their ceremonies were held in oak-groves40 and the oak tree was absolutely sacred to the Druids.41 Chopping down a great oak was punishable by death. Other sacred wood was the yew, hawthorn and more especially the rowan tree. A Druid’s staff was usually made from wood of the yew tree, a tree believed to be the guardian of the mysteries.41
As is already evident from the above, Odinists and Celts in particular were deeply spiritual.41 Although Odinism is a most spiritual religion, Odinists do not despise material aspects of human nature and the world. However, Odinists recognise that humans are primarily spiritual beings — we are instances of an imperishable and eternal Self.21
Odinism includes concepts of:
- A soul
- Life after physical death
- A relationship between level of awareness during life in this world and level of continued consciousness
- A realm of highest joy reserved for those who overcame ego-consciousness and reached states of super-consciousness
- Continued evolution of consciousness after physical death
- Esteem for the dead, including all our ancestors21,22,35,41
A Celtic torc in the British museum. Image credit: Wikipedia.
Modern man associates civilization with buildings but Celts did not value these things. Instead, their values and genius are expressed in original and high quality fine art, jewellery, weaving, music and eloquence. Celts made exquisite abstract designs in metal and incised stone. Concerning music, the ancient Greek god Apollo (received his trademark harp from his brother Hermes who invented the instrument) was also a god of the Celts. This is reflected in the ancient history of the Irish harp, which is as much a symbol of the Celts as the Shamrock.41
True Odinists embrace the cause of the Aesir.21 Therefore they:
- Act in ways that promote and respect Nature, order, life and creativity
- Shun harmful behaviour that threatens the well-being of the folk, faith and family
- Reject all forms of totalitarianism
- Accept common law for the common good
Odinist ethics are not expressed as prohibitions and commandments. They are stated as virtues (the Nine Noble Virtues) to be practised by all Odinists: Courage, Truth, Honour, Fidelity, Discipline, Hospitality, Industriousness, Self-reliance and Perseverance.21,42
Sacrifice was the most widespread form of communal worship practised by pagans in ancient times. A gift was offered to the gods in order to earn their favour and rewards.21 Intelligent pagans knew that the sacrifice is symbolic and that — as with all gifts — it’s the thought that counts. Sacrifice to the gods demonstrated devotion by the worshipper.21 In modern times Odinists do not practise animal sacrifices but they continue to apply the underlying theological principles. The form of sacrifice practised by modern Odinists is the libation of mead, accounts of which have been recorded in the literature. It was known in ancient times as the Cup of Remembrance.21
Theologically the pagan sacrifice is a ‘sacrament’ (Christianity borrowed this term from paganism), i.e. it is a symbol which effects what it symbolises and symbolises what it effects.21
Religious festivals observed
Odinists worship the gods in feasting and merry-making. The calendar used by Odinists in Britain today is based on festivals most widely celebrated by our ancestors, especially those which survived as part of our people’s folklore. There are six major feast days: The solstices and equinoxes, Sigurd’s Day (23 Apr) and Heroes’ Day or Einheriar (11 Nov).21
Other religious rites
Pledge of Faith. This initiation rite is a solemn and formal public declaration that occurs after an Odinist reaches the age of majority. The priest proffers the oath-ring, which the aspirant grasps while repeating the pledge.21
Handfasting or Wedding ceremony. The couple make solemn vows together while holding the altar oath-ring in their hands, and finger-rings are exchanged to serve as a reminder of this act. Then the Thor’s Hammer is laid upon the bride and groom by way of blessing. Odinists hold the ties of marriage and family relationships to be sacred.21
Naming ceremony. New-born babies receive their name and in accordance with an old pagan custom (prevalent long before the introduction of Christianity) water is poured over the infant.21
Laying to Rest. This may take the form of burial or cremation.21
A Thor’s hammer pendant.
All religions have an emblem or symbolic device. In Odinism this is the Thor’s Hammer. The Eddas call it Miollnir, i.e. the ‘Crusher’ or ‘Grinder’. From the literature it is apparent that Odinists have used this symbol in their liturgies since ancient times. It is primarily a sign of Divine reverence, commitment to work with the Aesir gods in their struggle against the forces of chaos, and protection by the gods.21
Acropolis and Areios Pagos in Athens by Leo von Klenze (1846). Image credit: Wikipedia.
Places of worship
Pagan temples such as the Acropolis and the Pantheon were among the grandest monuments built in Europe. Odinists also built and used countless other temples for celebrating their rituals.21 It seems that in the British Isles, Druids and others also used the Bronze-age stone circles (referred to above) as temples.39 Odinists aim to restore a network of temples in every country but in the meantime they meet in house groups called ‘Hearths’. Odinists also hold outdoor ceremonies at sites of special spiritual or historical significance or natural beauty.21
Provided they enjoy the confidence of their fellow Odinists, any adult Odinist, male or female, who has made the Pledge of Faith, may lead a congregation or perform priestly duties.21
Odinists pay special attention to texts known collectively as the Eddas. They provide the most important primary sources of information on the old religion, and its theology, mythology and cosmology.21
Other primary sources
Other enlightening Odinist literature includes: The Icelandic Sagas and Snorri Sturluson’s ‘Heimskringla’; Saxo Grammaticus’s Latin work, ‘Gesta Danorum’; the medieval German ‘Song of the Nibelungs’; various Old English works, like ‘Beowulf’ and ‘The Nine Herbs Charm’; the Old High German ‘Merseburg Charms’; various other literary sources, such as the English, Norwegian and Icelandic rune poems; Tacitus’s ‘Germania’; Bede’s ‘Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation’; and the German ‘Wayland-Dietrich Saga’.21
Odinists aim to share knowledge of their cultural heritage with their compatriots but they do not try to convert adherents of other religions. They respect others’ rights to make their own decisions in religious matters. Further, although paganism is universal, the Odinist form of paganism is ethnospecific. Therefore Odinists would encourage people of other races to cherish their indigenous form of paganism, as pagans of all nations value being true to oneself and one’s ancestors.
Odinists deplore Christian and Muslim missionary work among less developed peoples, undermining their traditional customs and imposing alien moral and cultural standards on them.21
The original authors of Christianity were jews, the first Christians were jews, and they thought of themselves as jews.43 Christianity emerged as a distinct sect in the second half of the 1st century AD and early Christians used Hebrew Scriptures.44 In contrast to paganism, Christianity was not primarily about truth, love and life. Christianity (like more recent religions such as multi-racialism) was promoted in order for the hostile out-group to gain power.45 As they gained power, this group violently expanded its control over Europeans in the name of Christianity (this out-group is trying to use the same tactics now in the name of a “pandemic”).
The psychopathic character of Yahweh, the Semitic deity known to Christians as “God” and “Lord,” is clearly revealed in the Bible. For example:46
“The LORD will send upon you curses, confusion, and rebuke, in all you undertake to do, until you are destroyed and until you perish quickly …”, “make the pestilence cling to you until He has consumed you …”, “smite you with consumption and with fever and with inflammation and with fiery heat and with the sword and with blight and with mildew” and “pursue you until you perish.” (Deuteronomy 28:20-24)
“One third of you will die by plague or be consumed by famine among you, one third will fall by the sword around you, and one third I will scatter to every wind, and I will unsheathe a sword behind them.” (Ezekiel 5:12)
“He who is far off will die by the plague, and he who is near will fall by the sword, and he who remains and is besieged will die by the famine.” (Ezekiel 6:11-12)
“I send My four severe judgments … sword, famine, wild beasts and plague …” (Ezekiel 14:21)
“I am going to make an end of them by the sword, famine and pestilence.” (Jeremiah 14:12)
“I will punish that nation with the sword, with famine and with pestilence … until I have destroyed it …” (Jeremiah 27:8)
“Authority was given to them over a fourth of the earth, to kill with sword and with famine and with pestilence and by the wild beasts of the earth.” (Revelation 6:8)
“The LORD struck all the firstborn in the land … there was no home where there was not someone dead.” (Exodus 12:29-30)
“I sent a plague among you … I slew your young men by the sword along with your captured horses, And I made the stench of your camp rise up in your nostrils …” (Amos 4:10)
“I will send pestilence among you, so that you shall be delivered into enemy hands.” (Leviticus 26:23-26)
“The LORD struck the people with a very severe plague.” (Numbers 11:31-34)
“Those men … died by a plague before the LORD.” (Numbers 14:36-38)
“For wrath has gone forth from the LORD, the plague has begun!” (Numbers 16:46-48)
For more biblical examples of how destructive this foreign (to Europeans) “God” is, see this post, Killer religions.
As we can see, Yahweh (YHVH or Jehovah) behaves nothing like a god. He behaves like a lower cthonic (subterranean, underworld) entity or a Semitic desert demon. Unsurprisingly, sometimes Yahweh was also worshipped as Baal or Moloch, the Israelite god who demanded that children be sacrificed to him. This foreign, Semitic deity is not the God of Europeans. Yet this psychopathic deity was allowed to destroy pre-Christian religions, enslave us, and obliterate Nature to the point of ecological catastrophe.47
Christian destruction of pagans and paganism
Christian vandalism, examples. These statues show Christian vandalism, including a Christian cross carved into the foreheads (also the chin in the case of goddess Aphrodite). Top L: Goddess Aphrodite found at the Agora at Athens; Top R: General Germanicus Julius Caesar; Bot L: Emperor Caesar Augustus; Bot R: his wife Livia Drusilla. 45,48
Myth of Christian persecution
Christians have a misplaced sense of persecution in ancient Rome. As Christians were trying to destroy an ancient, organic and successful religion, it’s unsurprising that pagans opposed Christianity. As the catastrophe of Yahweh worship shows, pagans were entirely justified in doing so. Moreover, Christianity prevailed over European paganism only because Christians resorted to torture, murder, and other breaches of law that applied in those times, while pagans respected the law and conducted themselves honourably.49
Christian vandalism at the Parthenon, example: Iris, goddess of the rainbow and messenger of the gods. Image credit: Wikipedia.
Christian atrocities against pagans: a small sample
This small sample of Christian atrocities against pagans is from a long and detailed list of such evil Christian conduct documented by Vlasis Rassias in Demolish Them! (published in Greek, Athens 1994, Diipetes Editions, ISBN 960-85311-3-6) as published in English by Mike Magee (2010) on Church and State: Challenging religious privilege in public life.48
324 Emperor Constantine declares Christianity as the only official religion of the Roman empire; In Dydima, Minor Asia, he sacks the Oracle of the god Apollo and tortures the Pagan priests to death; evicts all non-Christian peoples from Mount Athos and destroys all the local Hellenic temples.
Thereafter, Constantine, subsequent emperors, and regular Christians, perpetrate the following evil against pagans:
326 Destroy the temple of the god Asclepius in Aigeai Cilicia and many temples of the goddess Aphrodite in Jerusalem, Aphaca, Mambre, Phoenicia, Baalbek, etc.
330 Steal the treasures and statues of the pagan temples of Greece.
335 Sack many pagan temples, order the execution by crucifixion of “all magicians and soothsayers;” cause the martyrdom of the neoplatonist philosopher Sopatrus.
341 Persecute all the soothsayers and Hellenists. Many pagan Hellenes are imprisoned or executed.
346 New large-scale persecutions against non-Christian peoples in Constantinople. Banishment of the famous orator Libanius, accused as a “magician.”
353 Order the death penalty for all kinds of worship through sacrifices and “idols.”
354 Order the closing of all pagan temples. Some of them are profaned and turned into brothels or gambling rooms. Execution of pagan priests. First burning of libraries in various cities of the Empire. Lime factories are built next to closed pagan temples. A large part of sacred pagan architecture is turned into lime.
Christian vandalism at the Parthenon, example.
356 Order the destruction of the pagan temples and the execution of all “idolaters.”
359 In Skythopolis, Syria, Christians organise the first death camps to torture and execute arrested pagans from all around the empire.
361 to 363 Under Emperor (361 to 363) Flavius Claudius Julianus, a pagan, religious tolerance of paganism is declared in Constantinople (11 Dec 361).
363 Emperor Julianus is assassinated (26 Jun).
364 Orders to burn the Library of Antioch, the death penalty for all pagans that worship their ancestral gods or practice divination, confiscation of all properties of pagan temples, and the death penalty for participating in pagan rituals, even private ones.
370 Tremendous persecution of pagans in the Eastern Empire, e.g. ex-governor Fidustius and the priests Hilarius and Patricius are executed; tons of books are burnt in the squares of the cities of the Eastern Empire; all the friends of Emperor Julianus (pagan, assassinated in 363) are persecuted; the philosopher Simonides is burned alive; and the philosopher Maximus is decapitated.
372 Orders the extermination of all Hellenes and all documents of their wisdom.
373 The term “pagan” (pagani, villagers, equivalent to the modern insult, “peasants”) is introduced by Christians to demean non-Christians.
380 Emperor declares pagans “loathsome, heretics, stupid and blind.”
381 Pagan temples and libraries are looted or burned down. The temple of goddess Aphrodite is turned into a brothel and the temples of Sun and Artemis into stables.
385 to 388 Christian gangs scour the countryside. They sack and destroy hundreds of Hellenic temples, shrines and altars. Thousands of innocent pagans from all sides of the empire suffer martyrdom in the notorious death camps of Skythopolis.
388 Public talks on religious subjects are outlawed.
389 to 390 Hordes of fanatic hermits from the desert flood the cities of the Middle East and Egypt. They destroy statues, altars, libraries, pagan temples and lynch the pagans. Heavy persecution of pagans includes killing pagan priests by stoning.
391 Prohibition of not only visits to pagan temples but also looking at the vandalised statues. New heavy persecutions occur all around the empire. Christians demolish the temple of the god Serapis (the Serapeion), burn its famous library, and profane the cult images.
392 New full scale persecutions against pagans. The Mysteries of Samothrace are ended and the priests slaughtered. In Cyprus the local bishop “Saint” Epiphanius and “Saint” Tychon destroy almost all the temples of the Island and exterminate thousands of pagans.
395 New persecutions against pagans. Hordes of Christians, encouraged by Christian monks, sack and burn many cities (Dion, Delphi, Megara, Corinth, Pheneos, Argos, Nemea, Lycosoura, Sparta, Messene, Phigaleia, Olympia, etc.), slaughter or enslave innumerable pagan Hellenes and burn down all the temples. Among others, they burn down the Eleusinian Sanctuary and burn alive all its priests.
396 Paganism is now treated as high treason. The few remaining pagan priests and hierophants are imprisoned.
397 Orders all the still standing pagan temples to be demolished.
398 Studying the books of pagans is prohibited for everyone, including Christian bishops.
401 The Christian mob of Carthage lynches pagans and destroys temples and “idols.” In Gaza too, the local bishop “Saint” Porphyrius sends his followers to lynch pagans and demolish the remaining nine still active temples of the city.
405 Hordes of gray-dressed monks armed with clubs and iron bars destroy the “idols” in all the cities of Palestine.
406 In Ephessus, order to destroy the famous temple of goddess Artemis. In Salamis, Cyprus, “Saints” Epiphanius and Eutychius continue the persecutions of pagans and totally destroy their temples and sanctuaries.
408 Order that all sculptures of pagan temples be either destroyed or taken away. Private ownership of pagan sculpture is also outlawed. Local bishops lead new heavy persecutions against pagans and new book burning. Judges that have pity for pagans are also persecuted. “Saint” Augustine massacres hundreds of protesting pagans in Calama, Algeria.
409 Orders that all methods of divination including astrology be punished by death.
Christian vandalism, example. Diptych of a priestess of Ceres, still in fully classical style, ca 400, which was defaced and thrown into a well at Montier-en-Der.45
415 Christian mob, urged by the bishop Cyrillus, attack, rape and cut to pieces the famous and beautiful philosopher Hypatia. The pieces of her body, carried around by the Christian mob through the streets of Alexandria, are finally burned together with her books in a place called Cynaron. New persecutions start against all pagan priests of North Africa who end their lives either crucified or burned alive.
416 Extermination of the last pagans of Bithynia.
423 Emperor declares that paganism is nothing more than “demon worship” and orders all those still practising it to be punished by imprisonment and torture.
Christian vandalism at the Parthenon, example.
429 The temple of goddess Athena (Parthenon) on the Acropolis of Athens is sacked. The Athenian pagans are persecuted.
435 Orders the death penalty for all “heretics” and pagans of the empire. Only Judaism is considered a legal non-Christian religion.
440 to 450 Christians demolish all the monuments, altars and temples of Athens, Olympia, and other Greek cities.
448 Orders all pagan books to be burned.
450 All the temples of Aphrodisias (the City of the Goddess Aphrodite) are demolished and all its libraries burned down.
457 to 491 Persecutions against pagans of the Eastern Empire. Among others, the physician Jacobus and the philosopher Gessius are executed. The proselytiser Conon and his followers exterminate the last pagans of Imbros Island, Norheast Aegean Sea. The last worshippers of Lavranius Zeus are exterminated in Cyprus.
482 to 488 The majority of pagans of Minor Asia are exterminated.
486 “Underground” pagan priests are discovered, tortured and executed in Alexandria, Egypt.
515 Emperor orders the massacre of the pagans in the Arabian city Zoara and the demolition of the temple of local god Theandrites.
546 Hundreds of pagans are put to death in Constantinople.
556 Emperor orders the inquisitor Amantius to go to Antioch, arrest, torture and exterminate the last pagans of the city and burn all the private libraries down.
562 Mass arrests, imprisonments and executions of pagan Hellenes.
578 to 582 Christians torture and crucify pagan Hellenes all around the Eastern Empire, and exterminate the last pagans of Heliopolis (Baalbek).
580 Christian inquisitors attack a secret temple of Zeus in Antioch. The priest commits suicide, but the rest of the pagans are arrested. All the prisoners are tortured, sentenced to death and thrown to the lions. As the lions would not kill them, they are crucified. Their dead bodies are dragged in the streets by the Christian mob and afterwards thrown into the dump, unburied.
583 New persecutions against pagan Hellenes.
590 Christian accusers “discover” pagan conspiracies in the Eastern Empire. This leads to a new storm of torture and executions.
950 to 988 Violent conversion of the last pagan Hellenes of Laconia by the Armenian “Saint” Nikon.
For more information about such Christian evil, see:
- Demolish Them! by Vlasis Rassias (published in Greek, Athens 1994, as published in English by Mike Magee (2010).48
- Persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire, by Infogalactic.45
- The Christian persecution of paganism: The reign of terror of the fourth century, by World Future Fund.50 This source also includes instances of quite recent Christian persecution of pagans in Sweden, Eastern Europe, the British Isles, Africa, and America, e.g. the Indian chief, Hatuey, who was captured and burned alive because he would not “take Jesus to his heart.”
- The Witch-Persecutions, by George L. Burr (1896),51 e.g. the evil Christians gave the “witch” no chance for defence. She was tortured to make her “confess” the “truth,” then executed whether she “confessed” or not.
Christian destruction of Nature
Christian vandalism of God’s creations, example.
Our environmental catastrophe caused mainly by human activity (but not human-caused global warming) is discussed in this post on the current mass extinction. Humans are part of an interconnected web of life on Earth — we cannot live without the animals and plants we are destroying. We will follow them into oblivion.
The eminent English poet William Blake (1757 — 1827) was a practising Druid.41 His poetry condemns the abuse of class power, senseless wars and disrespect for nature.14 The latter is evident in this extract from Blake’s Auguries of Innocence (assumed to have been written in 1803):14
Each outcry of the hunted Hare
A fibre from the Brain does tear.
A Skylark wounded in the wing,
A Cherubim does cease to sing….
Every Wolf’s & Lion’s howl
Raises from Hell a Human Soul.
The wild deer, wand’ring here & there,
Keeps the Human Soul from Care.
The Lamb misus’d breeds public strife
And yet forgives the Butcher’s knife….
He who shall hurt the little Wren
Shall never be belov’d by Men.
He who the Ox to wrath has mov’d
Shall never be by Woman lov’d.
The wanton Boy that kills the Fly
Shall feel the Spider’s enmity.
He who torments the Chafer’s sprite
Weaves a Bower in endless Night.
The Catterpillar on the Leaf
Repeats to thee thy Mothers grief.
Kill not the Moth nor Butterfly,
For the Last Judgment draweth nigh....
No mentally normal person would continue supporting “Jay-a-sus the Lawd!” and his authors if they were even slightly aware of the horrendous crimes against humanity and Nature committed in the name of the psychopathic Yahweh and the evil “Jesus” cult.
Christians waiting for “Jesus” to fix their mess.
In Odinism, Örlög or Wyrd is the cosmic web of cause and effect that is influenced by, and influences, everyone. Örlög is not set in stone, for our choices in the moment are constantly modifying it. This differs from the concept of “fate,” because it does not imply being utterly bound by a predetermined future. Nonetheless, it means that we cannot escape the consequences of our actions. In Old Norwegian, the term ‘OR-LOG’ means something like First Law, Primal Law, Ultimate Law (The Law of God) and the ultimate purpose of Creation. The word ‘Wyrd’ is Old English and means ‘destiny’. Although ‘Wyrd’ is sometimes interpreted as ‘fate’, this is incorrect as our destiny is influenced by choices that we make now.42
Specifically, as was indicated in the introduction, our Örlög / Wyrd depends on the extent to which we choose action that is biologically viable for our race, species and the Nature upon which all our lives depend. This applies equally to jews. Like the ‘goyim’, most jews are victims of deadly indoctrination by their ‘elites’. Whether they are called Khazars, Sabbateans, Frankists, Bolsheviks, Maoists, Maccabeans or Sicarii, jews’ destiny is intertwined with that of the non-jew and Nature.
At the root of our problems is …”Get that light off me! My evil deeds will be exposed!” Image credit: Illustrator John Howe.
Örlög and the Odin archetype
From Carl Jung (1936):12
- The gods are personifications of psychic forces.
- Human control ends when archetypes start to function.
- As the god of rage and battle, Odin represents the archetype of the awakened Aryan man.
- Inevitably, Odin will reveal the restless, violent, stormy side of his character.
- When this occurs, it will be like a hurricane that breaks loose while people still believe it’s fine weather.
Odinic rage in an Englishman’s poem
The Beginnings, a 1917 poem by English writer Rudyard Kipling (1865 – 1936):
It was not part of their blood,
It came to them very late,
With long arrears to make good,
When the Saxon began to hate.
They were not easily moved,
They were icy — willing to wait
Till every count should be proved,
Ere the Saxon began to hate.
Their voices were even and low.
Their eyes were level and straight.
There was neither sign nor show
When the Saxon began to hate.
It was not preached to the crowd.
It was not taught by the state.
No man spoke it aloud
When the Saxon began to hate.
It was not suddenly bred.
It will not swiftly abate.
Through the chilled years ahead,
When Time shall count from the date
That the Saxon began to hate.
Odin as the god of rage and battle.
Since attacking Europeans and their culture in the name of Christianity, the criminals have continued their psychopathic campaign against Europeans and others. For this they required ongoing control of societal levers such as (i) education and mainstream media (consumers are fed information that favours the criminals’ destructive agenda); (ii) mainstream politics; (iii) the military, judiciary, law enforcement; and (iv) banking and finance. Evidence of the criminals’ ongoing control of our societal levers is well established (e.g. see the scholarly research published on The Occidental Observer). There is also strong evidence of the criminals’ continued misuse of this power that we allowed them and our trust. Examples of this psychopathic conduct toward others are presented elsewhere on this site, with links for further study.
In particular, we can see that after their attack in the guise of Christianity, the criminals moved on to attempt our genetic (racial) destruction in the guise of “multiculturalism” (multi-racialism). Now they are also harming people directly with “vaccines” (the danger of these substances, including infertility, is explained by many medical experts) in the name of a “pandemic” (not supported by official mortality data or independent medical experts).
Is it possible at this late stage in the catastrophe for the descendants of our Odinist Forefathers to switch off the poisonous media, regain control of their minds, and avoid the “end” that people like Rabbi Reichorn intend for us?
Note: Christianity has long served its destructive purpose and its authors are hostile toward Christians, e.g. Rabbi Reichorn (1859): “Wars are the Jews’ harvest, for with them we wipe out the Christians and get control of their gold. We have already killed 100-million of them, and the end is not yet.”52
There is no question about the critical importance of organic religion (Odinism for Europeans) in long-term group survival. The decisive role of viable religion in determining the fate of a community, nation and race is well known to sociologists, e.g. Wallis and Bruce (1992).53 The war on Europeans (and subsequently other pagans) started with religion and — if we survive long enough — our recovery will also be via religion; an evolved form of Odinism in the case of Europeans, wherever they might now live on Earth. Are you personally committed to the true religion of your Forefathers, whatever form of paganism this is for your race?
Effective communication with the Divine requires aptitude, morality, sincerity and training. Training of Druids (the high spiritual elders of the ancient Celts) would typically begin in early childhood and take up to 22 years.41 As with Confucius,54 who said “perfect sincerity is capable of foreknowledge,” Odinists understood the importance of faith and spirituality when approaching the Divine for guidance.
The runes are Odin’s gift to his folk and used to seek Divine guidance. The runes are comparable to the ancient Chinese divination system known as the I-Ching, still popular in China and elsewhere today. If you are suited to communication with the Divine and are not already using the runes, you might want to consider doing so. See the Resources section below for more information about the runes.
Personal note: As a long-time user of spiritual guidance methods (mainly the I-Ching, also shamanism, dreams, visions, and other ways, including the runes), I have often found that the answer manifests during formulation of the question. This is because precise articulation of the query can require more careful thought about the topic than usual. For questions that resulted from this formulation process, later study of the questions and Divine responses (I have 40+ years of these written records in relation to myself and people who asked me to consult the Divine on their behalf) shows that the Divine guidance is of inestimable practical value.
1. Seaxwulf, (2013). Race as religion and positivity, Renegade Tribune, 6 Sep 2013.
2. McVan, Ron (2017). Eye of Wotan, Renegade Tribune, 3 Oct 2017.
3. Cirlot, J. E. (2002). A Dictionary of Symbols. Dover Publications, 2nd ed.
4. Bierlein, J. F. (1994). Parallel Myths, Ballantine Books; 1st ed.
5. Kraus, Lorenz (2015). Myth Is A Gateway to Action, Renegade Tribune, 20 Aug 2015.
6. Lazarus, Richard, & Folkman, Susan (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping, New York: Springer.
7. Lazarus, Richard (1999). Stress and emotion: A new synthesis, New York: Springer.
8. Sylvia, C. & Novak, W. (1997). A change of heart: A memoir. New York: Little Brown.
9. Pearsall, P. (1998). The heart’s code. New York: Broadway.
10. Pearsall, P., Schwartz, G. E. R., & Russek, L.G. S. (2000). Changes in heart transplant recipients that parallel the personalities of their donors. Integrative Medicine, 2 (2-3), Spring, 65-72.
11. Berkovich, S. (2005). Prediction of the Virgo axis anisotropy: CMB radiation illuminates the nature of things.
12. Jung, Carl Gustav (1936) in The Wotan Essay, Renegade Tribune, 15 Dec 2015.
13. Hunt, Kyle (2015 ). The Egyptian Connection to Our European Religion, Renegade Tribune, 6 Aug 2015.
15. McVan, Ron, (2017). Who is Wotan? Renegade Tribune, 24 Dec 2017.
16. Thomson, Arthur Dyot (1872). On Mankind: Their Origin and Destiny, page 560, Longmans, Green.
17. Hardwicke, William Wright (1899). The Evolution of Man: His Religious Systems and Social Ethics, page 244, Watts & co.
18. Thorpe, Benjamin (1865). The Edda Of Sæmund The Learned (Edda Sæmundar Hinns Froða), from The Old Norse Or Icelandic, London, Trübner & Co.
19. Britannica (2021). Esus, Celtic deity, retrieved 12 Mar 2021.
20. Renegade (2020). The Hidden Truth About the Mythical Jesus Story — The Empty Cross, Renegade Tribune, 16 Oct 2020.
21. Odinist Fellowship, London, retrieved 12 Mar 2021.
22. Turner, Jost (1994). The Path of Wotan.
23. Tolkien, John R. R. (1995). The Lord Of The Rings, Harper Collins.
24. The Prose Edda, also known as the Younger Edda, Snorri’s Edda (1916), by Snorri Sturluson.
25. The Poetic Edda, also known as the Elder Edda, Saemund’s Edda (1908). Edited and translated by Olve Bray.
26. Pitts, J. A. (2011). The Quiet Sense of Foreboding That Is Norse Mythology, Tor.com, 26 Oct 2011.
27. Drout, Michael D. C. (2006). Old Norse Literature, J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia Scholarship and Critical Assessment, New York: Routledge.
28. Black, John (2020). The Story of Ragnarok, The Ancient Norse Apocalypse, 25 Jun 2020, Ancient Origins: Reconstructing the story of humanity’s past.
29. Patrick (2017). Twilight of the Gods: The Coming of Ragnarok, Renegade Tribune, 25 Feb 2017.
30. Mackenzie, Donald A. (1912). Teutonic Myth And Legend.
31. Christensen, Else, in Heathenism (2017), Renegade Tribune, 15 Jun 2017.
32. Odinic Rite Australia, retrieved 12 Mar 2021.
33. Kermode, P. M. C. (1904). Traces of the Norse mythology in the Isle of Man. Read before the Isle of Man Natural History and Antiquarian Society, Ramsey, 18 Dec 1903.
34. Roberts, Morgan J. (1994). Norse gods and heroes, publisher Friedman Group.
35. Pastenaci, Kurt (1935). The Nordic Foundations of Europe, translated from the Third Reich original Die Nordischen Grundlagen Europas by Kurt Pastenaci, which appeared in the Feb 1935 issue of Der Schulungsbrieg.
36. Odin Brotherhood.
37. Mills, Alexander Rud (1957). The Call of Our Ancient Nordic Religion: Reflections on the Theological Content of the Sagas. Coventry, England: Northern World Pub.
38. MacCulloch, J. A. (1911). The religion of the ancient Celts, Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.
39. Renegade (2020). Stone Worship of the Ancient Irish, Renegade Tribune, 20 Jun 2020.
40. Kelley, Ruth Edna (1919). The book of Hallowe’en, Boston: Lothrop, Lee & Shepard.
41. McVan, Ron (2011). Way of the Druid, Pub. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
42. Nine noble virtues of Asatru.
43. Humphreys, Kenneth (2004). Jesus never existed: Exposing the tragic fabrication of a saviour of the world.
44. Facts and Details (2018). Early Christians and the first churches and Christian communities.
45. Infogalactic (2016 ). Persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire.
48. Rassias, Vlasis (1994). Demolish Them! (published in Greek, Athens 1994, Diipetes Editions, ISBN 960-85311-3-6) as published in English by Mike Magee (2010) on Church and State: Challenging religious privilege in public life.
49. WikiPagan. Persecution of Heathens.
50. World Future Fund. The Christian persecution of paganism: The reign of terror of the fourth century.
51. Burr, George L. (1896). The Witch-Persecutions, in Translations and reprints from the original sources of European history: series for 1896, by University of Pennsylvania, Dept. of History.
52. Schonfield, Hugh J. (1936). The History of Jewish Christianity.
53. Wallis, R. & Bruce, S. (1992). Religion and Modernization. Pub. Oxford University Press.
54. Confucius quoted in Wei, Henry (1987). The Authentic I-Ching, page 66, A Newcastle Book.
Odinist organizations online
Odin Brotherhood This is a “secret society for men and women who value knowledge, freedom, and power.”
Odin Brotherhood material in Afrikaans: Odhin Broederbond
For information about Odinism and links to other Odinist organizations around the world, see WikiPagan.
Creed of iron: Wotansvolk wisdom by Ron McVan (1997) with forward by David Lane.
Articles on Wotanism and Religion by David Lane.
Literature listed by the Odinist Fellowship
The Prose Edda (aka Younger Edda)
‘Edda’ by Snorri Sturluson, translated by Anthony Faulkes (Everyman).
The Poetic Edda (aka Elder Edda)
‘The Poetic Edda’ translated by Carolyne Larrington (World’s Classics)
‘Poems of the Elder Edda’ translated by Patricia Terry (University of Pennsylvania Press)
‘The Poetic Edda’ translated by Lee Hollander (University of Texas Press)
‘The Elder Edda – A Selection’ translated by Paul Taylor, W H Auden & Peter Salus (Faber & Faber)
Popularisation of the Myths
‘The Norse Myths’ by Kevin Crossley-Holland (Penguin Books)
‘Tales of the Norse Gods’ by Barbara Picard (Oxford University Press)
Njal’s Saga’, ‘Laxdaela Saga’, ‘King Harald’s Saga’, ‘Orkneyinga Saga’ and ‘The Vinland Sagas: The Norse Discovery of America’ all translated by Magnus Magnusson and Hermann Pálsson (Penguin Classics)
Scholarly Works on Teutonic Heathenism
‘Gods of the Ancient Northmen’ by Georges Dumézil, translated by Einar
Haugen (University of California Press)
‘Gods and Myths of Northern Europe’ by Hilda Ellis Davidson (Penguin)
‘The Lost Beliefs of Northern Europe’ by Hilda Ellis Davidson (Routledge)
‘The Lost Gods of England’ by Brian Branston (Thames & Hudson)
‘Gods of the North’ by Brian Branston (Thames & Hudson)
Scholarly Works on the Runes
‘Runes’ by Ralph Elliott (Manchester University Press)
‘An Introduction to English Runes’ by R I Page (Methuen & Co)
‘Rudiments of Runelore’ by Stephen Pollington (Anglo-Saxon Books)
History of the Period
‘Anglo-Saxon England’ by Sir Frank Stenton (Clarendon Press)
‘The Anglo-Saxons’ by David Wilson (Pelican Books)
‘The Vikings’ by Johannes Brondsted (Pelican Books)
The Runes Online
Free online rune reading. Although some might doubt the value of online divination, I found this site informative and useful.